|CPC, Socialist Int'l urge developed world to help fight climate change (05/15/09)|
BEIJING, May 15 (Xinhua) -- Developed countries should shoulder some responsibility for huge greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries, former Swedish Prime Minister Goran Persson told an international gathering of socialists in Beijing on Friday.
Persson said developed nations with "advanced economies exported production of some energy-wasting goods to those economies" in the developing world.
Persson was speaking at a seminar organized by the world's most populous political party and the world's biggest party organization on how to work together to address global environmental concerns.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), with more than 70 million members, and the Socialist International (SI), which brings together 170 political parties and organizations worldwide, devoted the one-day talks to global warming, climate change and greenhouse gas emissions.
"Our high-level talks on sustainable development today epitomizes the stronger exchanges and cooperation since the CPC and the SI started the strategic dialogue in 2004," Wang Jiarui, head of the CPC Central Committee International Department, said in the opening address.
"China's pursuit of sustainable development was not a "forced choice," but a voluntary move out of responsibility for the Chinese nation and humanity," he said.
He called for international efforts to tackle climate change and seek sustainable growth.
"As a country of 1.3 billion population, China should improve its capability to deal with the climate change, seek sustainable development, and fulfill international responsibilities," Wang said.
Participants included UN Climate Change Special Envoy Ricardo Lagos and Xie Zhenhua, China's chief delegate to international climate change conferences.
"To ensure the success of the upcoming UN climate change conference in Copenhagen, developed countries should cut greenhouse emissions by large amounts," Xie told delegates.
The first round of climate change negotiations took place in Bonn, Germany, in April. There will be four more UN sessions before the Copenhagen conference in December, which will attempt to formulate a post-Kyoto deal on climate change.
Xie said developed nations should also take active steps to provide funds, technology and support to help developing nations, especially the least developed and island countries, to deal with climate change.
He said the key for the success of the Copenhagen meeting, which was scheduled at the end of this year, is that countries should negotiate in line with provisions of the Bali Roadmap, maintain the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" among developed and developing countries, implement the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol in a comprehensive, efficient and consistent way, and put mitigation and adaptation of climate change, solving problems on technology and funds in priorities.
However, expectation put on China by the international community should be "fair and reasonable," said Xie, noting that China's current average per capita greenhouse gas emission volume is only a third of that of the developed countries.
China will try to reduce emissions while making efforts to eliminate poverty and improve its citizens' livelihood, and not to follow the developed countries' traditional development model based on high-emission and high-pollution, Xie stressed.
Combating the climate change cannot be slowed by the global financial crisis, he said.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which came into effect in 1994, provides specific rules about what the developed nations should do in helping developing countries cope.
However, little action has been taken by developed nations to implement the treaty in 15 years, he said.
SI President George Papandreou lauded China's decision and efforts to take the path of sustainable development.
"Yesterday I went to Tsinghua University and a cement factory, which showed us the important work you are doing and political willpower you are showing," Papandreou said.