Remarks by Minister Xu Xueyuan at 2019 Annual Meeting of the ACPR

(November 2, 2019 San Francisco)

istinguished Guests, Chinese Compatriots,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Good morning.

It is my great pleasure to attend the "Cross-Straits Peaceful Reunification Summit Forum and the 2019 Annual Meeting of the Alliance for China's Peaceful Reunification USA." First of all, on behalf of Ambassador Cui Tiankai, I would like to extend my warmest congratulations on the convening of the meeting, and I wish the meeting a complete success.

At the beginning of this year, President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the meeting marking the 40th anniversary of issuance of the Message to Compatriots in Taiwan, which comprehensively expounded the policy of the Chinese government on promoting peaceful reunification of the country in a new era and in the great journey towards national rejuvenation. The speech carries special significance as it points out the direction and the path for the development of cross-Straits relations in the new era. It is necessary to point out that, with a distinctive theme of peaceful reunification, the speech has shown the goodwill and care to the vast number of Taiwan compatriots, and reflected the position of working for peaceful reunification with the greatest sincerity and efforts. It has made clear that what the Chinese government upholds is the fundamental interests of the entire nation and the overall interests of Taiwan compatriots. President Xi's speech has resonated very well with the Chinese people at home and abroad, which fully demonstrates that reunification is not only the will of the Chinese government, but also the common aspiration of all Chinese people.


Over the past four decades, China-US relations have made incredible progress with close economic ties and robust people-to-people exchanges. Both sides have gained enormous benefits from cooperation. History has proved that the two countries can help each other and should not close the door to each other. Both countries stand to gain from cooperation, and lose in confrontation. The China-US relationship is now standing at a new crossroads. Some Americans have denied that our relationship is win-win in nature, and they have tried to incite hatred and "decoupling" between us and lead China-US relations onto a wrong path. These dangerous attempts go against the historical trend and are detrimental to the fundamental interests of the two peoples. Therefore, they have no support of the people and will never succeed. For the sake of the well-being of the two peoples and for world peace, stability and prosperity, we can only make the China-US relationship work, and not let it fail. This is a due responsibility of major countries.

Mutual respect is a basic and primary principle in state-to-state relations, and it is most important to respect each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Taiwan and Hong Kong are parts of China. Properly dealing with issues related to Taiwan and Hong Kong is the key to the sound and steady development of China-US relations and a "touchstone" for the US to see if it respects China's core interests. Some Americans have been trying to challenge China's bottom line on these issues and contain China by playing the cards of Taiwan or Hong Kong. This will only put themselves in harm's way, and is doomed to failure.


China has stayed a united country for most of its history, and reunification is always the first and foremost aspiration of the Chinese nation. The 5,000-year history of China is punctuated with both unity and division, but in the succession of dynasties, its cultural tradition has persisted, and national integration and identity has always been held dear to the heart of the people. In its modern history, at the hands of imperialist powers, a weak China was quickly reduced to a divided China. Territorial split-up became a national trauma branded on the memory of the Chinese people, who have come to treasure unity more than ever before. That is why China and its people are so determined about national reunification. On issues concerning China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, including Taiwan and Hong Kong, there is no room for compromise, concession or trade-off, and no scheme to split up China will ever be allowed to have its way. Anyone attempting to split any part of China is doomed; any external force supporting the split of China will only end up in disillusion.

As one of the founders of the United Nations and a major power in the world, the United States should have taken the lead in abiding by the spirit of the United Nations Charter, not blatantly violating and undermining the norms of international law. The UN Charter clearly stipulates that all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state; shall not intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state. There is only one China in the world, and it is a widely acknowledged norm governing international relations and also a piece of international consensus to uphold the one-China principle. 180 countries, including the US itself, have established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. What the US has been doing on Taiwan goes against international law. The Taiwan issue is China's internal affairs. The Chinese people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits have the wisdom and ability to solve their own problems. Hong Kong belongs to China, and Hong Kong affairs allow no external intervention. We have to alert the US side: Don't put your finger in others' pie. Mind your own business.

As an ancient Chinese saying goes, people without integrity can accomplish nothing; a country without integrity will eventually decline". The United States bears an unshirkable responsibility for the fact that the two sides of the Taiwan Straits have not yet achieved reunification. Four decades ago, China and the US were able to establish diplomatic relations only because they handled the Taiwan issue in an appropriate way. In the three China-US Joint Communiques, which are the most important political documents guiding the development of bilateral relations, the United States clearly acknowledges that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is a part of China; the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government of China. However, over the years, the US has failed to fulfill the solemn commitment of a major country to another major country. Worse, it has developed official and military ties with and maintained arms sales to Taiwan, lobbied for Taiwan's participation in international organizations, and thrown its weight around to keep Taiwan's "diplomatic allies". These acts are in clear violation of the Three Communiques. In the case of Hong Kong, the US claims that it is not a "black hand behind the scenes" on one hand, while it keeps making irresponsible remarks and pushing forward Hong Kong-related legislations on the other. These acts of duplicity will only tarnish its own image and undercut itself in front of the Chinese people and the whole world.

Some American politicians are going all out to find ostensibly noble excuses for their acts of undermining the core interests of other countries, fully aware that what they are doing is unjustified. For example, they gloss over their interference in Taiwan affairs as defending western political system and universal values. In fact, the criterion for judging a political system is whether it is conducive to economic and social development and the improvement of people's living standards, and the people of that country have the best say on this matter. The Chinese government has taken the people's aspiration for a better life as its goal, and has introduced a host of measures to support cross-Straits exchanges and cooperation to the benefit of Taiwan people, so that the people have a stronger sense of gain, happiness and security. This is in sharp contrast to the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), who is obstructing cross-Straits exchanges by creating fear among the people, and who is trying to dupe the people that it is defending "democracy and freedom". These acts will only hurt the interests of the Taiwan people. Those cheering for the fake democracy of DPP authorities are simply playing dumb. The people on the mainland would not agree, nor would the people of Taiwan buy it.


The rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and reunification of China are a historical trend and the people's will, which cannot be stopped by any force or anyone. It is the shared aspiration of all the Chinese people and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. The motherland will always be a strong backing for all the patriots working for reunification. Over the years, the ACPR has always held high the banner of opposing "Taiwan Independence" and promoting reunification, and rallied a vast number of overseas Chinese in the US. It has spoken out against "Taiwan Independence" separatist forces, and worked tirelessly for peaceful reunification of the country. We highly appreciate and recognize what you have done. In the face of Hong Kong's situation, the ACPR has again taken the lead in openly denouncing any words or deeds that undermine Hong Kong's prosperity and stability and opposing any external interference into Hong Kong affairs. We hope that the ACPR will leverage its unique advantages of diverse background and well-versed knowledge in both countries, help elaborate the policies and the general trend of peaceful reunification, and offer more suggestions on "two-system solution to the Taiwan question", so that the cause of peaceful reunification will be more appealing and get more support, and more compatriots would participate in it. In the end, we are all working to advance the process of peaceful reunification and realize the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation.

Thank you very much.

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