|Press conference of the PRC State Council Information Office for contacts between Central Government and Dalai Lama|
BEIJING, Feb. 11 -- At 10:00 am Feb. 2, (Tuesday), the State Council Information Office held a press conference, in which Mr. Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee and some other officials were invited to introduce the latest talks between the Central Government officials and the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama. Guo Weimin: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. Welcome to today's press conference.
We have invited Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee, Sitar, Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee and Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of the Tibet Autonomous Region to introduce the latest talks between the Central Government officials and private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, and they are also ready to answer reporters' questions. Now, let's welcome Vice-Minister Zhu Weiqun to talk first.
Zhu Weiqun: Ladies and gentlemen, I am very glad to see you here. I am also pleased to
Zhu Weiqun: Ladies and gentlemen, I am very glad to see you here. I am also pleased to see more reporters today compared with the press conference held in November 2008. Now I would like to brief you on the major situation concerning the recent contact and talks with the 14th Dalai Lama's private representatives.
Zhu Weiqun: The 14th Dalai Lama's private representatives, Mr. Lodi Gyari, Mr. Kelsang Gyaltsen and three other assistants came back to China and stayed from January 26 to 31. Du Qinglin, Vice-Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee, had an interview with them. Sitar, Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Committee of the CPC Central Committee, Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of the Tibet Autonomous Region and I talked to them for a whole day. We also arranged them to visit the late Chairman Mao Zedong's former residence at Shaoshan as well as the Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Hunan.
Zhu Weiqun: In his interview with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, Vice-
Zhu Weiqun: In his interview with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, Vice-chairman Du Qinglin talked about the Central Government's successful response to the global financial crisis, the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC as well as the Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. He pointed out that this conference established the strategic target for Tibet to achieve leap-forward development and long-lasting peace and stability. The conference especially demonstrated the brilliant achievements in Tibet in the new century and stressed various tasks so as to implement the "moderate prosperity" program in an all round way in Tibet, to ensure and improve the people's livelihood, to promote ecological environment construction and protection as well as Tibetan culture preservation and development. All of these show that the CPC Central Committee and the Central Government attach high importance to Tibet's socio-economic development and improved living quality of people of various ethnic groups in Tibet.
Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin pointed out that if the 14th Dalai Lama does wish to see progress made during the talks and improved relations with the Central Government, he should respect history, face up to reality and go with the times, and make a thorough self-examination of his words and deeds and radically correct his political propositions.
Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin stressed the following aspects:
1) The State's interests should not be infringed on. There is no room to talk about the issues concerning State sovereignty and territory, and there is no possibility for the slightest compromise.
2) The PRC's Constitution and the guiding principals should not be trampled on. The so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of autonomy" obviously violate the PRC's Constitution. Only if they completely give up their separatist stand could contact and talks between the Central Government and the 14th Dalai side have a foundation and the 14th Dalai Lama have a way out.
3) National dignity brooks no vilification. Their contact and talks with the Central Government will make no progress if the 14th Dalai Lama continues to engage in anti-China propaganda and sabotage activities in the international arena, a move that shows he lacks fundamental respect and sincerity.
4) Common wishes of people of various ethnic groups in China should not be violated. The people in Tibet cherish stable society, so any infiltrative and sabotage activities will not succeed. But, these activities will create obstacles for contact and talks and will make the 14th Dalai Lama more isolated.
Zhu Weiqun: In our talks with Lodi Gyari and his party, we first pointed out that more than one year has passed since the previous contact in November of 2008. This was the longest interval after we resumed contact and talks in 2002. The major reason lies in the fact that they openly declared at the "special meeting on the future of Tibet" held in November 2008 that they would cease contact and talks with the Central Government. Even in such a situation, the Central Government did not shut the door to contact and talks, and, instead, the Central Government scheduled the contact and talks according to their request; this fully shows our sincerity and consistent attitude.
Zhu Weiqun: In the last talk, Lodi Gyari presented us a "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy". Ambiguous words were intentionally used in this memorandum in an attempt to explain "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of autonomy". Actually, the essence of these words was "half independence" or "convert independence". Therefore, we solemnly refuted them.
And this time, they presented us "Explanation to the Memorandum", declaring that they would not revise a single word in the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy", nor make any concession.
In the "Explanation to the Memorandum", they reaffirmed that the "Tibet government-in-exile represents the interests of the Tibetans " and "as the legal representative of Tibetans, the 14th Dalai Lama enjoys the status which allows no doubt at any time." They declared that they would discuss with us about the "Tibet issue" and "the welfare of the 6 million Tibetans".
We solemnly pointed out that the former local government of Tibet launched an armed rebellion on March 10, 1959. On the 28th, Premier Zhou Enlai issued the State Council decree ordering that the local government of Tibet be disorganized and its role be replaced by the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The so-called "Tibet government-in-exile", composed of those who defected to India and gathered there, absolutely violates China's laws.
On December 17, 1964, the State Council held its plenary session which adopted the "Decision on Dismissing the Dalai Lama from His Post." The Decision points out: "The Dalai Lama launched a treasonable armed rebellion in 1959, and then he organized an illegal government-in-exile and promulgated an illegal constitution.
All of these have proved the fact that he already alienated himself from the motherland and the people." If the illegal government is not dissolved and the illegal constitution is not abolished, the clique will remain opposite to China's Central Government and the government of the Tibet Autonomous Region, and it is a political clique which violates the PRC Constitution and splits the motherland.
Zhu Weiqun: We solemnly point out that the Central Government and the government of the Tibet Autonomous Region under its leadership are the only representatives of the Tibetans. Lodi Gyari and his party are not qualified to discuss with us the affairs related to the Tibet Autonomous Region as they are only the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama. What they can do is to talk with us about things related to the future of the Dalai Lama and, at most, a small party around him, namely the questions as to whether the 14th Dalai Lama will stop splitting the motherland, and how to win the Central Government's confidence and gain the forgiveness of all Chinese people. The Central Government made clear its attitude toward the 14th Dalai Lama and his clique some 50 years ago, so did its attitude toward the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy" one year ago. What Lodi Gyari and his party should do is to correct their mistakes rather than to repeat the contents in the "Memorandum" and then produce the "Explanation to the Memorandum."
Zhu Weiqun: We point out that, if the 14th Dalai Lama does wish to improve his relations with the Central Government, he should first talk with the Central Government. However, after the last contact and talks, they continued to openly collude with various separatist forces to attack the Communist Party of China and the Central Government. They left no stone unturned to undermine social peace and stability in China, slandering and damaging the image of China, disturbing the State heads' visits to foreign countries and harming the safety of our nation's territory and sovereignty. The 14th Dalai Lama even openly and repeatedly declared. "No doubt, I am a son of India." He should clearly explain what he meant by this.
We emphatically point out that improving the relations with the 14th Dalai Lama is China's internal affair which outsiders have no right to make any opinions. However, the 14th Dalai Lama makes very frequent international activities in search of foreign support. In fact, he already plays a role of a troublemaker in the world, which will arouse the Chinese people to feel antipathy against him and will create obstacles to contact and talks.
Zhu Weiqun: The basic requests that the Central Government mentioned to the 14th Dalai Lama are as follows: we will make talks about the future of the 14th Dalai Lama and others around him so long as he really gives up trying to split the motherland, ceases activities conducted with a view to splitting the motherland, and openly admits Tibet is an inalienable part of China, Taiwan is an inalienable part of China, and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the only legal government representing China. The 14th Dalai Lama is already 75 years old, and we hope that he will face up to reality, change his stand and make a correct choice in his remaining years.
Zhu Weiqun: And now, my colleagues and I are ready to answer your questions. And you are welcome to ask sharp questions.
Guo Weimin: Well, just as what Vice-Minister Zhu said, let's begin. Please tell us what news agency you represent when asking questions.
Reporter from CCTV: Thank you. My question is for Vice-Minister Zhu Weiqun. I wonder if this new talks are still as dead-locked as before? Do the two sides still refuse to budge? And what of the new contact? And what are the prospects of the future talks?
Zhu Weiqun: Just like the previous talks, the positions of the two sides are very different. As a matter of fact, we have become ourselves accustomed to these sharply divided positions, because we are totally opposed to each other on standpoints. However, I think we have made some progress during the recent talks.
Firstly, we arranged them to visit Chairman Mao Zedong's former residence at Shaoshan and tour in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Hunan Province. This has made it possible for them to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge about the actual situation of our country as well as the implementation of our regional autonomy system.
Secondly, after an interval of more than one year, CPPCC Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin met with them again, briefing them on the development China has made in national construction, the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC and the recently concluded Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet. This was helpful for them to better understand the policy and guidelines of the Central Government. As Du is Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee, and he is one of our national leaders, so therefore, we have given them quite high treatment in terms of arrangement.
Thirdly, my colleges and I have had a whole day talking with them. During this talks, we had a heated debate, but this debate was not totally negative. Through this debate, we can see where we stand differently and how big our differences are. And through this debate, the 14th Dalai Lama can also get the idea where he stands. Actually before and during each round of talks, I always said that no matter how unpleasant the words were from the other side, please listen to what he has to say and actually we have practiced this during each round of our talks. And this is quite an effective way.
Fourthly, this round of talks is different from the last one. Because during the last round of talks in November 2008, when our talks were about to end, Lodi Gyari was so unhappy when we rejected the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy" he submitted that he said he was not sure whether they would like to have the next round of talks with us. But this time he sincerely looks forward to the next round of talks. I think he has a better attitude this time.
Zhu Weiqun: And as to the prospects of the talks, our attitude and position are consistent as before--we will keep the door open for contact and talks with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama. However, it will be impossible for them to talk with us with regards anything about the so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of autonomy", which in fact means "half independence" or "convert independence". If the representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama insist that they should talk with us about things such as the "Dalai Lama is the legal representative of Tibetans", and, on the other hand, refuse to talk about the future of the 14th Dalai Lama, then I think the result of future talks will remain to be the same as the talks held in 2002.
In November 2008, the so-called "special meeting on the future of Tibet" was held, deciding they would cease contact and talks with the Central Government. We do hope that they will not repeat this mistake in the future.
Reporter from Reuters: Thank you, I'm from Reuters. My question is that if the U.S. president Barack Obama meets with the Dalai Lama later this year, and how would this affect Sino-US ties? Thank you.
Zhu Weiqun: The relationship between the Central Government and the 14th Dalai Lama is completely an internal affair of China. Therefore we oppose any attempt from any foreign forces to interfere in China's internal affairs, by citing the 14th Dalai Lama as an excuse. On this issue our position and our attitude have been consistent, clear-cut and unchangeable. It was reported recently that US President Obama may meet with the 14th Dalai Lama soon, and if that is the case, we will adopt the position we held before that we strongly appose it. I believe if the US leader chooses to do such a thing, his behavior is unreasonable and with no benefits. Some people argue that the 14th Dalai Lama is merely a religious figure. Actually this is not the case. As I have said just now, he is not a religious figure; instead he is the head of a separatist political group, who leads a government-in-exile with an illegal constitution, a constitution which describes that the 14th Dalai Lama is the supreme head both politically and relationally of this political group. And I do urge those who know nothing about the illegal constitution to check about it.
Zhu Weiqun: Whenever the foreign political leaders meet the 14th Dalai Lama on grounds of a religious figure, I always feel it really unreasonable. Forgetting the fact, ignoring the 14th Dalai Lama's government-in-exile, and illegal constitution, someone calls him not a political figure. Is it reasonable? Such kind of statements is totally self-deceptive and they can't even persuade themselves. Since the US leaders admit that the People's Republic of China is the only legal government of China and admit Tibet is a part of China, why still have such a relationship with the 14th Dalai Lama, the leader of that government-in-exile? It heavily damages to the political foundation of Sino-US relations and totally breaches the international rules. It can be called unreasonable.
Zhu Weiqun: What does "with any benefit" mean? The relationship between China and the United States is one of the most important diplomatic relations for both countries and to develop the relations benefits both sides, especially at the time when the world is hit by the global financial crisis. If the leaders of the United States choose to meet with the 14th Dalai Lama at this point of time, it would inevitably threaten the trust and cooperation between the two countries. So, will it help the United State to get through the financial crisis? This is what I say "with any benefit". We Chinese look down upon those who seek for their own benefits at the expense of others, but what I explained just now means harming others without benefiting oneself.
For a long time, some in the United State have tried to use the available political and financial resources and the public sympathy in their countries to support the 14th Dalai Lama who is none other but the representative of the feudal serfdom featuring temporal and religious administration. Those people are doing this without benefiting themselves and it is not a good deal. The Chinese people will never turn a blind eye to those who are working to undermine China's territorial integrity, national unification and dignity. Comrade Deng Xiaoping said: One should never expect the Chinese to swallow the bitter pill which harms their benefits. Of course, we don't want to see that happen, but if it does happen, then we will respond to make those relative countries realize this point.
Reporter from Wen Wei Po of Hong Hong: My question is for Vice -Minister Sitar. The Central Government of China has held some rounds of talks with the representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, and the 14th Dalai Lama side has made some promises. In your opinion, will they keep their promises?
Sita: In November 2008, when Vice-Minister Du Qinglin met with the private representative of the 14th Dalai Lama, he made it very clear: We stick to the leadership of the Communist Party of China, stick to the system of socialism, stick to that the regional autonomy system, which is stipulated by China's Constitution. This is the political fact in Tibet. Any attempt aiming to deny those "three sticks" will be totally unacceptable. The 14th Dalai Lama side once said that they would accept these "three sticks", but we found that their deeds did not match their words.
Sita: Here are simple examples. The 14th Dalai Lama said on May 5 last year in New York: The CPC has been in power for 60 years, and it is time for it to retire. On August 2, when the 14th Dalai Lama received an interview by a foreign journalist, he again said: The CPC has been in rule for 60 years and this is the year one needs to retire. So, can you call that he is respecting the CPC leadership when he made such remarks?
Another example is that, in March last year, when people of various ethnic groups in Tibet were celebrating the 50th anniversary of the emancipation of the 1 million serfs and slaves, the 14th Dalai Lama side organized people to attack more than 30 Chinese diplomatic missions in foreign countries. Moreover, October 1 last year marked the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, which was a grand occasion for all Chinese people, but the 14th Dalai Lama side instructed some Tibet secessionists to launch protests, attack and make trouble in front of our Chinese embassies and consulates in foreign countries. In 2009 alone, the Dalai clique amassed some 10,000 people to make troubles at more than 40 Chinese embassies and consulates in foreign countries.
After the July 9 riots in Urumqi of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the 14th Dalai Lama issued a statement on July 9 saying that he "is really sad by what happened in East Turkistan." Everyone knows "East Turkistan" has never existed in history. It is something actually produced by the separatists. So by using such a title, the 14th Dalai Lama has his own intention which is obvious to all.
On September 11, the 14th Dalai Lama and Rebiya Kadeer attended a so-called international seminar in the Czech Republic, and had a private meeting with the Uygur separatist leader. After that, the 14th Dalai Lama held a news conference during which he expressed his support for Rebiya Kadeer. From these we see although the 14th Dalai Lama said he respects the "three sticks", what he in fact shows that he has never stopped working to overthrow the people's democratic government under the leadership of the CPC, split socialist China, and deny the regional autonomy system.
We have also noticed that in their separatist activities, the Dalai clique claims themselves to be "representative of the Tibetan people" and work under the cloak of working for the "genuine autonomy of Tibet". During the talks with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of the Tibet Autonomous Region, I made it very clear to them that they are not representing the interests of the Tibetan people, but the benefits of the former serf-owners in old Tibet who had long been overthrown by the Tibetans, and what they seek is not the genuine autonomy for all Tibetan people, but to restore the dictatorship featuring temporal and religious administration in old Tibet, and to deprive the Tibetans of their hard-earned democratic right.
I notice there are many foreign reporters present on the occasion. We expect you will pass what Nyima Tsering and I have said just now to others, so that more people can know our view.
Zhu Weiqun: Sitar has made a good speech and I would like to add a few words. In the past year since the talks we had in November 2008, the 14th Dalai Lama has repeated several ideas over and over again. One is "the Communist Party should retire", and the other is "the Chinese government and the Chinese military planned the March 14 riots in Lhasa in 2008 but accused the Tibetan government-in-exile of doing this". The third idea he loves very much is that the region to the south of "McMahon Line", which we call southern Tibet, is the "territory of India." He also calls himself "a son of India". I have just mentioned a few, and I have bunch of them. Do you think these words can reflect he respects the CPC, and respects the PRC? How can he improve the relationship with Central Government when he is saying these words? Therefore, for the 14th Dalai Lama, he has to change his bad behavior characteristic of saying this but doing things differently.
The examples Sitar and I have cited are all taken from the media run by the 14th Dalai Clique and Western media who sympathize with him; none of these come from the Chinese media.
Reporter from Voice of America: I have two questions. In your answer, you said China fully rejected the "Memorandum" that Lodi Gyari referred to. I want to ask in what aspects that the Chinese Central Government can make a concession, otherwise how would the Dalai Lama have further talks with you? The second one is in your description, there's nothing but criticism, can I ask why you still want to have talks with them?
Zhu Weiqun: The 14th Dalai Lama has never hidden his political proposition. The so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of autonomy" are all known by the public. These issues are all related to China's territory and sovereignty. There's no room for negotiation and we will make no concession in this regard. But why we still hold talks with them? Because we want to give the 14th Dalai Lama a chance to correct his mistakes. Although the 14th Dalai Lama has long been engaging in activities geared to split the motherland, he said he would not seek "Tibetan independence" at the end of the late 1970s when China launched the reform and opening-up program. Given this, the Central Government began contact and talks with his people who were also arranged to visit the hinterland and Tibet as well. Although the Dalai clique plotted riots in Lhasa in the late 1980s, which resulted in enormous loss in terms of life and property for the Tibetans, the 14th Dalai Lama later expressed willingness to solve problems under the framework of the Chinese Constitution and within of the PRC. So, we started to resume contact and talks with them again.
Zhu Weiqun: Havn't we shown enough sincerity? Isn't it flexible we have made? Isn't it enough careness we have given to the Dalai Lama? Does it mean we have made good concession only when we let him come back to Tibet and resume feudal serfdom system and carry out "the Greater Tibet" or "high degree of autonomy"? We have carefully explained and talked to them on the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy" and then the "Explanation to the Memorandum". In the talks in November 2008, I told Lodi Gyari, "We will not discuss with you the 'Tibet Issue', but we may examine your 'Memorandum' so that we can find out whether you will give up 'Tibet independence' and go back to the patriotic position". And we did fully analyze this "Memorandum" in seven aspects and warned them against the fact that the "Memorandum" is completely against the Central Government and the PRC Constitution. When we said so we were showing them our sincerity and patience, as we could simply ignore the "Memorandum" at all. This time, however, Lodi Gyari again referred to the "Memorandum" to the Central Government, so we could do nothing but criticize them again. If the 14th Dalai Lama doesn't want to be criticized, simply give up all that "Tibet independence", "half Independence" or "convert independence". Until then, the Central Government is satisfied and we will praise him, that's for sure.
Reporter from China News Agency: In the press release sent out yesterday about Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin's interview with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, we talked about the development and strategic target of the Tibet Autonomous Region since the Fourth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently. I would like to ask Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of Tibet Autonomous Region, to say something about his assessment of Tibet's development and his ideas about the future.
Nyima Tsering: Thanks to the unremitting efforts made over the past 50 years since the Democratic Reform in 1959-1960, especially over the past 30-odd years since the reform and opening-up, people in the Tibet Autonomous Region now lead a well-off life and the development of Tibet stands at a new height.
Tibet's GDP saw a 12.1% increase last year, with the average annual income of farmers and herdsmen rising up by 13%. The farming and pastoral areas in Tibet were also changed for the better: some 230,000 households composed of 1.23 million members moved into new houses; the construction of infrastructure has witnessed tremendous improvement; the protection and development of ecological environment has been strengthened in an all-round way; the public causes, including education, science and technology, culture and public health have all developed quickly.
The Tibet Autonomous Region now enjoys social peace and stability and people lead a good and prosperous life. Students go to school, workers do their jobs, Buddhist believers pay pilgrimage, --everything is normal. The Tibetan people yearn for further development and ever-lasting peace and stability, and cherish the hard-won happy life. It has been the common view of all the people in the Tibet Autonomous Region that unity and stability are fortune, split-up and riots are misfortune. We are glad to see that Tibet received more tourists from home and abroad last year, the number received reaching 5.56 million. Tibet earned 5.24 billion yuan from this, which is a record high.
Nyima Tsering: Since the early 1980s, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have held five National Conferences on Work in Tibet. I participated in three of these conferences. During the period, the Central Government has increased its aid and support to the region in a progressive way. During the period from 2001 to 2008, for example, the Central Government transferred payments in Tibet to the tune of 154.1 billion yuan, accounting for 93.7% of Tibet's total financial revenues in the same period. In other words, of 100 yuan spent by Tibet, some 90 yuan come from the Central Government. There is no one political party like the CPC which is aiding the development of a minority region with resources pooled throughout the country for more than 10 years running. As a cadre of a minority ethnic group, I am deeply moved by what the Central Government is doing. I participated in three of these national conferences and receive benefits from the Central Government aid. The Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently shows loving care of the CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Hu Jintao for us Tibetans. The conference yielded fruitful result. It adopted strategic measures for the fast development of Tibet and to guarantee long-term stability in the region. It is of landmark significance for Tibet in building it into a moderately prosperous society.
Nyima Tsering: If you ask me about Tibet's future, I will tell you: With the loving care of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, and their special aid and support from people in other parts of China, and with the staunch leadership of the CPC Tibet Committee and the hard struggle waged by the broad masses of people in Tibet, by 2020, the people of Tibet will be able to lead a well-off life, just as people in other parts of China do. Tibet will have a more beautiful tomorrow!
Reporter From South China Morning Post: If the Dalai Lama insists the "Memorandum" be not revised, will there be the next round of talks? When will it be held? Was the recent talks held as proposed by the Beijing side?
Zhu Weiqun: As we have said before, we will not close the door to the talks unless he openly declares "Tibet independence". The "special meeting on the future of Tibet" held in November 2008 made a "resolution" to the effect that if the talks produce no results as they wished, one day they will re-engage in "Tibet independence." Samdhong, the chief bkav-blon of the so-called "government-in-exile" said they were taking the "middle way" but this does not mean they would not have the right to engage in "Tibet independence." It is true that some people in the Dalai clique wish to work for the "Tibet independence." But they know that the balance of forces and the situation do not allow them to do so. Once they believe the situation is advantageous to them, clearly, they will do whatever they please. Under the present situation, our door remains open to the talks. But I have no idea whether the 14th Dalai Lama will close the door himself. Whether there will be the next round of talks depends on the attitude of the 14th Dalai Lama.
Just now, the reporter asked who proposed the recent talks. It is the 14th Dalai Lama who made the proposal. When they have decided not to contact and talk about the resolution, what do you expect us to contact and talk to them?
Reporter from the Journal of the Austrian Side: I have two questions. First, three of you have repeatedly said that the TAR government is the only government that represents the interest of Tibetans. I want to ask if you have ever carried out the survey to learn the view of people in Tibet, especially those ethnic Tibetans as to how they see about Tibet, the "Tibet issue". How to understand the "Tibet issue"?. And my second question is for Mr. Zhu. Just now you said that the Dalai Lama is now 75 years old. And some successors may choose to have the harder line disregard, so I wonder if you have ever done anything to try to learn the view of successors. Are you worried about the possibility whether the "Tibet issue" will become more difficult to solve after the Dalai Lama"
Nyima Tsering: I will answer the first question and then invite Sitar to give some supplements.
Just now, you said the TAR government led by the CCP is the only government who can represent the interests of the Tibetan people. I really agree. I have said the Tibetans regard unity and stability as happiness and separative activities and riots as a disaster. We have already got such a common understanding. More and more Tibetans, me included, think the 14th Dalai Lama is not a pure religious leader. Under the cloak of religion, he is the head of a political group who has long been working to tear Tibet from the motherland and violate national unity. We have once launched a public-opinion poll and released the result on some media. We have expressed our opinion and standpoint when we talked with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama.
Sita: I want to add a few more words. You once asked whether we know the views of Tibetan people. For the Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently, the Central Government made full preparations. Efforts were therefore made to know more of the Tibetan folks, especially the Tibetan farmers and herders, as to what they yearn for and how could the Central Government help them. For the past year, the Central Government sent over 300 groups of cadres headed by leaders at the provincial and ministerial level to do investigation in seven prefectures and cities in Tibet and nine Party and Central Government leaders did the same in the region.
I am with the department attached to the Central Government, which is in charge of doing the research for the creation of major policies for Tibet, and therefore often go visit Tibet and other Tibetan-inhabited areas. I can say with responsibility that the Tibetan people yearn for a better life and the well-off society. They cherish the hard-won happy life and they are afraid of the returning of feudal serfdom featuring temporal and religious administration, because they are unwilling to be serfs and slaves, hate to see their basic human rights they enjoy now be faked away. From bottom of their heart, they know that a powerful country, national unity and social stability are the foundation of their happy life and Tibet's development. Here lies their greatest wish.
Zhu Weiqun: You asked whether it will be more difficult for us to address the "Tibet issue" after the death of the 14th Dalai Lama. This is an interesting question. It is my habit to answer questions in a direct way and I will also give you a very direct answer.
To begin with, on such occasions as the news conference, it's impolite for us to discuss something about the death of an old man in his seventies. As in Chinese customs traditions, we usually try to avoid such topic. The 14th Dalai Lama is such kind of person who had met Chairman Mao Zedong, so we do hope that he can enjoy a long life. And we do hope that in his remaining years, he can prepare well for his own future.
Actually, he must be very clear that some foreign forces are flattering him or supporting him. They are actually doing a deceit to him instead of helping him. Some foreign forces urged him to carry out anti-china activities. Now more than 50 years have passed since the 1959 armed rebellion, the 14th Dalai Lama has achieved nothing. The only result is that he is now further and further away from home. The present status quo and future of Tibet depend on the decision by the people across China, including the Tibetans, and will not be changed simply because whether the 14th Dalai Lama is with us or not.
Some friends asked me whether we worry about violence and extremist tendencies among the overseas Tibetans when the 14th Dalai Lama has left. We have intensive connections with Tibetans aboard, and we have learned that the majority of them only want to lead a happy and stable life overseas, and want to have exchanges with their relatives and friends in Tibet. Some of them even want to contribute to the development of Tibet. They will not give any support to the violent or terrorist activities.
So we would like our foreign friend to know this. Of course, we can not rule out the possibility about the violent and terrorist happening. But again, I would urge them to have a look at our history from which they will understand that such moves will end in failure. If they want to involve in violence or terrorism, they could no longer keep the title of "pacifists" and "non-violent forces". They will be classified as the terrorists. So, your question is something that those close to the 14th Dalai Lama should think about what they should do one day when the Dalai Lama is not with them.
Guo Weimin: So much for today's press conference. Thank you!
(Source: China Tibet Information Center)