|Nuclear Security Summit Kicks off in Washington Hu Jintao Delivers an Important Speech|
On April 13, 2010, the Nuclear Security Summit kicked off in Washington, DC, the United States. Chinese President Hu Jintao attended the summit and delivered an important speech.
Held in Washington Convention Center, the summit started at 9:30 a.m. local time. US President Barack Obama chaired the summit during which participating leaders made remarks mainly on such topics as the threat of nuclear terrorism, countermeasures of countries and the international community and the role of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the field of nuclear safety.
In his speech entitled Joining Hands to Meet Nuclear Security Challenge and Promote Peace and Development, Hu pointed out that nuclear security has a bearing upon the sustainable development of nuclear energy and economy, upon social stability and public security and upon international peace and tranquility. To strengthen nuclear security serves the interest of all countries and calls for our joint efforts.
He raised five points of proposition on strengthening nuclear safety. First, implement national commitment on and responsibility for nuclear safety. Countries should fulfill relevant international obligations, improve domestic legislations and supervision and management systems and take effective measures to protect the security of domestic nuclear materials and facilities; second, consolidate existing international legal framework on nuclear safety. We should promote the early entry into force of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, increase the universality of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism and effectively crack down on the illicit trafficking in nuclear materials; third, step up international cooperation on nuclear safety. Countries should share nuclear safety experience and reinforce information exchange and enforcement cooperation. They should support the IAEA's leading role in the field of nuclear security; fourth, help developing countries enhance nuclear security capacity; fifth, handle well the relationship between nuclear security and peaceful use of nuclear energy.
He stressed that China, in a responsible attitude, attaches great importance to nuclear security, firmly opposes nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism and has made continuous efforts to that end in the following aspects: first, comprehensively increasing nuclear security capacity. China has built a relatively complete nuclear security legal and regulatory system and taken effective measures to ensure safety of nuclear materials and facilities. It maintains a sound record of nuclear security; second, strictly fulfilling international obligations on nuclear security. China supports and rigorously implements existing nuclear security international conventions and related resolutions of the UN Security Council; third, attaching importance to and actively participating in international cooperation on nuclear security. China actively supports the IAEA's nuclear safety efforts and maintains bilateral exchanges with many countries as the founding partner of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism; fourth, providing other developing countries with nuclear safety assistance. China has offered assistance within its capacity to other countries in the region.
He emphasized that it is the common aspiration of entire mankind to realize the complete peaceful use of nuclear energy. China adheres to the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons, unswervingly implements the self-defensive nuclear strategy, always pursues a policy undertaking not to be the first to use nuclear weapons at any time and in any circumstance and has also undertaken unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapons states or nuclear-weapons-free zones. China resolutely opposes the proliferation of nuclear weapons, actively supports the efforts of strengthening international nuclear safety and unhesitatingly supports countries' equal access to peaceful use of nuclear energy.
He noted that nuclear energy is clean and must be safe. So long as we further gather consensus and participate widely in cooperation in the spirit of mutual benefit, we will surely be able to effectively cope with the challenge of nuclear security, comprehensively promote sustainable development and make contributions to lasting peace and common prosperity in the world.
Other participating leaders also expressed views and opinions on the topics of the summit.
Leaders or their representatives from 47 countries as well as heads of international and regional organizations including the UN, the IAEA and the EU attended the summit.
Before the summit opened, leaders took group photos.
Participating leaders attended the working luncheon hosted by Obama on April 13.
On the evening of April 12, Hu participated in the working dinner hosted by Obama.