Born in October 1928, a native of Changsha,
Hunan Province, he joined the Communist Party of China in
October 1949 and began to work in December 1948. He
graduated from the Electrical Machinery Department of
Qinghua University majoring in electrical engineering.
From 1947 to 1951, he studied at the
Electrical Machinery Department of Qinghua University where
he joined the New Democratic Youth Alliance.
From 1951 to 1952, he served as the deputy
head of the Production Planning Office of the Planning
Division of the Department of Industry of Northeast China.
From 1952 to 1958, he served successively as
section chief at the Bureau of Fuel and Power Industry,
Comprehensive Planning, deputy division chief of the
Minister's Office, and Comprehensive Division of the Bureau
of Machine-building of the State Planning Commission.
From 1958 to 1969, he was a teacher at a spare
time school run by the State Planning Commission and an
engineer at the Comprehensive Bureau of National Economy of
the State Planning Commission.
From 1975 to
1979, he served as deputy director and deputy chief engineer
of the Power and Communication Engineering Company under the
Bureau of Pipeline Construction with the Ministry of
Petroleum Industry, as a division chief of the Institute of
Industrial Economics with the Chinese Academy of Social
From 1979 to 1982, he served as
division chief at the Bureau of Fuel and Power Industry,
deputy director of the Comprehensive Bureau.
From 1982 to 1983, he served as director of
the Bureau of Technical Transformation with the State
Economic Commission, and member of the Commission.
From 1983 to 1985, he served as Vice Minister
and Member of the CPC Leading Group of the Commission.
From 1985 to 1987, he was Vice Minister and
deputy secretary of the CPC Leading Group of the State
From 1987 to 1991, he
served as Deputy Secretary of the CPC Shanghai Municipal
Committee, Mayor of Shanghai, and Secretary of the CPC
Shanghai Municipal Committee.
From 1991 to
1992, he served as Vice Premier of the State Council and
Head of its Production Office and Secretary of the CPC
Leading Group of the Office; and concurrently Head of the
Economic and Trade Office under the State Council and
Secretary of its CPC Leading Group.
to 1993, he served as Vice Premier of the State Council and
Head of the Economic and Trade Office under the State
Council and Secretary of it CPC Leading Group.
From 1993 to 1995, he was Vice Premier of the
State Council and concurrently Governor of the People's Bank
of China (June 1993 to June 1995).
to March 1998, he was Vice Premier of the State Council. He
was appointed Premier of the State Council in March 1998.
Premier Zhu is alternate member of the
thirteenth CPC central committee, member of the fifteenth
CPC central committees, member of their political bureau and
member of the standing committees of their political bureau.